COUNTRY INFORMATION CROSSED THE EVENT
LA VIA DELLA CENTO – SIGHTSEEING – kilometer of kilometer – the history of the Tuscan – Romagna valley, curated by Aldo Giovanini and Pietro Malpezzi
“IL PASSATORE PAESE PER PAESE”
Capital of Tuscany, of Roman origin, built on the banks of the Arno. After being part of the Lombard Tuscia and the Marquisate of Tuscany, it became a free municipality from the XII century, then Lordship. In the Medici period (1434-94), full Renaissance, it had its heyday and, since then, a prominent role in Italian politics. Duchy, then Grand Duchy, in 1860 it was annexed to the Kingdom of Italy, of which it was provisional capital from 1865 to 1870. Art city par excellence is a “museum city” unique in the world. Home to important cultural, artistic, social and economic reviews and initiatives, Florence also promotes and hosts important sporting events, including the “Florence Marathon”, the Italian marathon that records the largest number of writings (over 7,000), which is held every year in November. Since 2002 it is twinned with the “100 Km del Passatore”.
Renowned tourist center (healthy air, large green areas …) and art located on the hills overlooking Florence (295 meters above sea level), which is 8 km away, was built by the Etruscans. Allied with Rome against Hannibal (217 BC), Fiesole was a military stronghold and theater of numerous battles: among the most important are that of Stilicho against Radagaiso (405 AD) and that of Belisarius against the Ostrogoths (539). An important Etruscan-Roman archaeological area (theater and temple of great importance), it should also be mentioned for the Archaeological Museum and the Cathedral (XI century).
The capital of Mugello and an important economic and tourist center of the Tuscan-Emilian Apennines, it is also known for carrying out numerous sports initiatives in its territory (motorcycling, cycling, running …). Marathon of Mugello is the longest in Italy, since 1974 it is organized by the running group A.S.D. Athletics Marciatori Mugello. Of particular importance are the Parish Church of San Lorenzo (XII century), the Church of San Giorgio and the Palazzo del Podestà. Also of great significance is the Museo della Manifattura Galileo Chini, which collects works of art (wall paintings, stained glass, wrought iron and above all ceramics made, among others, by artists, artisans and San Lorenzo kilns, or from private collections and from museums, including the International one of Faenza).
Topical point of the “100 Km del Passatore”, located in the middle of its route (48 ° km), the Passo della Colla is the highest point of the gran Fondo (913 meters above sea level) and constitutes one of the most suggestive passes of the Tuscan Apennines -Romagnolo, both on the naturalistic environmental level, as well as on the tourism and food and wine. The organizers of the “Cento” will award the “Francesco Calderoni” Mountain Grand Prix, offered by the Union of Italian Excursion Workers (Uoei) of Faenza since 2001 in memory of their president and founder of the event, to the first athlete who will pass by the Pass and will reach the finish line in Faenza.
Brisighella, an ancient medieval village in the Lamone Valley, surrounded by three characteristic hills, on which the XIV century fortress, seat of the Museum of Rural Life, the Clock Tower of the nineteenth century, built on a previous fort built in 1290 , the Sanctuary of Monticino of the seventeenth century. In the historical center you can retrace the elevated and covered street, called Via degli Asini, an ancient fortified nucleus built to defend the Borgo. The Terme di Brisighella, known for centuries, located in a green park, have been able to develop with cutting-edge proposals, using the most modern application methods.
Faenza, a city of Etruscan-Roman origin, is known all over the world for its ceramics, whose ancient tradition dates back to the XII century and reached peaks of great artistic significance during the Renaissance. The tradition and culture of ceramics still constitute the vital center of modern Faenza today; with its International Ceramics Museum, which houses splendid collections of works from all eras and many countries around the world, 60 artisan shops and schools (State Institute of Art for Ceramics “Ballardini”, Isia), which they trained artists and technicians for art, industry and international events of art and crafts on the historical and contemporary production of majolica. The Association of Ceramics Cities of Italy is based in Faenza.